Recently, Statistics Canada exposes some key insights on the path to, and trends surrounding getting Canadian citizenship for migrants.
Canada At A Look
The major citizenship report exposed that out of the 38.1 million population in Canada, most of the people (91.2%) were citizens either by birth or by naturalization. Citizenship by naturalization happens when an ex-non-Canadian resident of Canada, eventually becomes qualified and gets citizen legal status.
The remaining 8.8% of the people were non-Canadian (either permanent or temporary residents). Since 1991, the percentage of the Canadian population who are citizens by birth has lessened, while the proportion of Canadian citizens by naturalization, and the number of people in Canada who are not citizens have enlarged.
Moving from non-Canadian to Citizen
In 2021, four out of five (80% of) qualified refugees had obtained Canadian citizenship, but, in 2011, the naturalization rate fell from 87.8%. Also, this naturalization rate drop is an important concern for the government and is expected to be overstated by certain policy changes that Canada has previously moved to correct.
The Natural Move To Citizenship
While the last ten years have seen a decline in the naturalization rate, they do equally show that as time amplified in the country, people were progressively more likely to pursue citizenship.
For instance, of refugees admitted to Canada before 2001, 94% had obtained Canadian citizenship by 2021. Fairly, of immigrants admitted from 2011-2015, little more than half had gained citizenship. These results recommend that there is a natural process by which more and more people from each immigrant troop pursue, and/or become qualified for Canadian citizenship as time permits.
The Requirement For Non-Citizens
While the average age of Canadians was 41.2 years of age, the average age of non -Canadian citizens living in Canada (temporary or permanent residents) was 33.6 years.
This is a crucial finding that is in line with Canada’s immigration goals, as in the face of an elderly population and a small birth rate, through immigration, Canada will look to address labor shortages and market requirements.
In this sense, having immigrants of major working age who may eventually become citizens and permanent residents is crucial to Canada’s social and economic health, particularly in the face of record numbers of job openings and retirements.
Where Will The Canadians Of Tomorrow Burst From?
The most reported citizenship was Indian, among both permanent residents and temporary residents, accounting for more than a quarter of entire temporary residents.
Approximately, one in ten permanent and temporary residents reported Chinese citizenship; with the Philippines trailing near behind in PR terms. The third most common people among non-permanent residents were French. These results make it progressively clear that apart from being a key resource region for immigrants, Asia will remain to be a significant source of future Canadian citizens.
Moreover, the increasing number of non-permanent residents who were French meets the policy goals of both the Quebec and federal governments, which will be seen to increase Francophone immigration across Canada.
For Canada, Immigration remains a key concern, and the gradual naturalization rate lowering will be a crucial point for the federal government and Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) moving forward; particularly as the average age of non-Canadians in Canada is within major working ages.
This being said, Canada’s high quality of life remains to ensure strong immigration and immigrant retention rate, meaning that even if the naturalization rate is short, Canada is still expected to have high new immigrants and permanent residents rate every year.
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